Sunday 26 June 2011

Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave up War: Lesson 8 | CBSE (NCERT) Class VI (6th) | History -Social Studies (OurPasts-1).

 Exercises: Questions and Answers.

1.Question. Make a list of the occupations of the people who lived within the Mauryan empire.

Answer.  The occupations followed by the people were:
1. Farming.
2. Pastoral farming.
3. Food gathering in the forest.
4. Masonry.
5. Carpentery
6. Stone cutting and craftsmanship.

2.Question. complete the following sentences:

(a) collected taxes from the area under the direct control of the ruler.
(b) Royal princes often went to provinces as governors.
(c) The Mauryan rulers tried to control roads and rivers which were important for transport.
(d)  People in forested regions provided the Mauryan  officials with tribute.   

3.Question. State whether True or False.
(a) Ujjain was the gateway to the north-west. (False)
(b) Chandragupta's ideas were written down in the  Arthshastra. (False)
(c) Kalinga was the ancient name of Bengal. (False)
(d) Most Ashokan inscription are in Brahmi script.(True)

4.Question. What were the problems  that Ashoka wanted to solve by  introducing Dhamma?
Answer. There were a number of problems that troubled that troubled Ashoka. People in the empire followed different religions and this sometimes led to conflict. Animals were sacrificed. Slaves and servants were ill-treated. There were quarrels in the family and among the neighbours.
He felt it was his duty to solve these problems.

5.Question. What were the means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message of Dhamma?
The means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message of Dhamma  were:
1.He appointed officers known as dharam-mahamatras to spread and explain the message of Dhamma.
2. He wrote his message on rocks and pillars which were erected in different parts of the empire.
They were written in Prakrit, the language of the people.

6.Question. Why do you think slaves and servants were ill-treated? Do you think the orders of the emperor would have improved their condition? Give your reasons for your answer.
Answer. The slaves were mostly prisoners of war and servants did menial jobs. They   were ill-treated of the emperor could have made the slaves free . if the servants were ill-treated the master could be punished.

7.Question. Write a short paragraph explaining to Roshan why the lions are shown on our currency notes. List at least one other object on which can you seen them.

Answer. If you look at the Ashokan pillar at Sarnath (or a picture of it) you will find the capital of the pillar has 4 lions sitting back to back. The lion represents the attainment of Buddha-hood. The four lions surmounting the capital symbolize the kingship of the Buddha .The four lions surmounting the capital symbolize the kingship of the Buddha and his roar over the four directions.
There is no also a non-religious interpretation to the symbol, describing the four lions  as the symbol of  Ashoka rule in four directions.
Just Buddha  his follower Ashoka wanted to spread message a peace and friendship. Similarly India after she gained independence wanted to spread the same message. So India adopted the emblem of 4 lions after she gained  independence. We can find this emblems on the cars of the President of India. Prime Minister and other Indian dignitaries. It can also be seen on the epaulette.

8.Question. Suppose you had the power to inscribe your orders, what four  commands would you like to issue?
Answer. The four orders  are:
1. Respect your parents and elders.
2. All religious are equal and praise worthy.
3. Respect the laws of the country and the rules.
4. Everyone has right to education. All children, whether boys or girls, should be sent to school.
Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave up War:  Lesson 8 | CBSE (NCERT) Class VI (6th) | History -Social Studies (OurPasts-1).