Thursday, 23 June 2011

In The Earliest Cities: Lesson 4 | Exercises - Solution | NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1).

 Exercises - Solutions :: Questions and Answers.
1.Question. How  do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilization?
Answer.  Archaeologists know that people in the in the Harappan civilization use cloth because they have found  pieces of cloth attached to the lid of a silver vase. They have also found spindle whorls, made of terracotta and faience. They were used to spin thread.

The Great Bath of Harappan cities

2.Question. Match the following .
  1. Copper --------------------------- Gujarat
  2. Gold ------------------------------Afghanistan
  3. Tin ------------------------------- Rajasthan
  4. Precious stones -------------------Karnataka
  1. Copper   ---- ----------------- Rajasthan.
  2. Gold       ----------------------Karnataka.
  3. Tin         ---------------------- Afghanistan. 
  4. Precious stones  -------------- Gujarat.

3.Question. Why were metals, writing, the wheel and the plough  important for the Harappans?
Metals: Archaeologists have found things made of metal, including copper, bronze, gold and silver Copper and bronze were used to tools, weapons, ornaments and vessels. Gold and silver  were used to make ornaments and vessels.

Writing:  There were scribes, people who know how to write, they helped to prepare seals, kept a record and wrote on materials that have not survived.

Wheel:  It played a great role in the life of Harappans for example:
  1.  People could travels long distance easily.
  2. Goods were carried easily to one place to another.
Plough:  It was used to dig the earth for turning the soil are planting seeds.
A stone statue of an
important man found
from Mohenjodaro

4.Question. Make a list of all the terracotta toys show in the  lesson. Which do you think children  would have enjoyed playing with most?
Answer. Most of the  terracotta toys are the models of clay, which show animal figures. Most probably the toys are models of cattle, rhinoceros, cow etc.

5.Question. Make a list of what Harappans ate, and put a tick mark against the things you eat today.
Answer. The people of Harappans grew wheat, barely, pulses, peas, rice, sesame, linseed and mustard. We today eat all these things they collected ber, hunted wild animal and caught fish.

6.Question. Do you think that life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about in Chapter 3? Give reson for your answer.
Answer. The farmers and herders who gave food to the Harappan cities knew about agriculture and domestication of animals. So they supplied food to the city dwellers. The farmers and herders in the earlier period cultivated the fields themselves and domesticated the animals. So they provided their own food.

7.Question. Describe thee important buildings in your city or village. Are they located in a special part of the settlement (e.g the centre) ? What are the activities that take place in these buildings?
Answer. The thee important buildings in my city, Delhi, are:
(1) Rashtrapati Bhavan: It is the official residence of the President of India.
(2) Parliament House: Here elected representatives of the people meet and discuss all important issues regarding the countary.
(3) Supreme Court:  It is the highest Court of the country where all the cases are decided. The building is called the Supreme Court building.  

8.Question. Are there any old building  in your locality? Find out how old they are and who looks after them.
Answer.  There are many old building near my localtiy. There are:
(1) Red fort.  (2) Jama Masjid.  (3) Ferozeshah Kotla.

(1) Red Fort was constructed in the 17th century.
(2) Jama Masjid was also constructed in the 17th century.
(3) Ferozeshah Kotla was also constructed in the 15th century.
The Archaeological survey of India looks after these ancient buildings.
In The Earliest Cities:  Lesson 4 | Exercises - Solution | NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1).

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