Thursday 7 July 2011

CBSE Class VI (6th) Solved Exercises : Lesson 3. What is Government? | Civics - Social Studies (Our Pasts-1)

1.Question. What do you understand by the world 'government'? List five ways in which you think the government affects your daily life?
Answer.  The government affects your daily lives in the following ways:
1.It protect our boundary and maintains peaceful relations with other countries.
2.Everyone should get enough to eat and there is no food shortage.
3.Look after the health of the people.
4.If there is natural disaster like Tsunami or an earthquake, it is the government that mainly organises aid and assistance for the affected people.
5.If there is a dispute or crime, the courts will provide justic.

2.Question. Why do you think the government needs to make rules for everyone in the from laws?
Answer.  It is necessary for the government to make rules for everyone in the form of laws because   
(1) When human beings live and work  together, some kind of organisation and decisions have to be made.
(2) Some rules have to be made in order to control the resoures and protect the territory of a country, so people can be safe and secure.

3.Question. Name the essential features of a democratic government?
Answer. The two essential features of a democratic government are:
(1) The people in democracy, give the powers to the government. They do this through elections, in which they vote for a particular person and elect them. Once elected they from the government.
(2) In the democratic from of government, it has to explain its actions and decisions to the people.

4.Question. What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
The word suffrage means the right to vote. The womwn and the poor people in Europe and USA had to fight to get the right to vote. It was not easy struggle. The demand  for right to vote got strengthened durin the First World War. American women got to right to vote in 1920. In U.K.  the  women got to right to vote in 1928, on the same terms a men.

5.Question. Ghandiji strongly believed that every adult in India should be given the right to vote. However, a lot of people don,t share his views Many feel that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be given the right to vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form of discrimination? Give five points to support your view and share with the class.
(1) India won independence, due to the participation of all people.The nationalist movemnet had become a mass movenment.So poor and  illiterate should be given the right to vote.

(2)  The poor illiterate people had been  neglected for so long under the British rule. Now, after independence, they should be given equal opportunities to develop and improve their condition.

(3) Democracy is based on the idea of equality. In India, majority of the people  were poor and  illiterate at the time independence. If they denied the right to vote, that means it will be a minority rule, because only a small portion of the populationwill get right to vote.

(4) Since acient times, the villages in India  were managed by the villagers themselves. The system in the  villages was never changed. It was their experience which helped them to rule.So the poor and  illiterate people can decide for whom to vote.

(5) At the Karachi session of the Congress party in 1931,  the Congress party had announced that Fundasmental Rights will be enjoyed by all. It inncludes  the right eqality. No discrimination will be
made on any basis.
CBSE  Class VI (6th)  Solved Exercises : Lesson 3. What is Government? | Civics - Social Studies (Our Pasts-1)

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