Friday, 11 January 2013

CBSE Class VII (7th) History | Our Pasts-II:Chapter 6. Towns,Traders and Craftspersons|Solved Exercises

Intext Question Intext Question Page No.75 Question 1. What would travller visiting a medieval town expect to find? Answer: A traveler visiting a medieval town is expected to find out what 
type of a town it is _ temple town, administrative centre, commercial town
 or a port town, etc. Intext Question Page No.76 Question 1. What do you think people regarded Thanjavur as a greate town? Answer: 1. Thanjavur was the capital of Chola empire. 2. Thanjavur was a temple town, with Rajarajeshvara temple in it. 3. It gave employment to a huge number of people thus, becoming a centre 
of opportunities. Due to all these reasons. Thanjavur was regarded as a great town. Intext Question Page No.77 Question 1. Which do you think were the advantages of using this 
(lost wax) technique? Answer. The 'lost wax)' technique had the following advantage: 1. It was a quick way to make statues. 2. Wax was a reusable material. 3. Statues of any desired shape could be produced quickly through thus
 technique. 4. The Bronze statues were not at all hollow from inside. They were 
solidified 
and had long life. Intext Question Page No.78 Question 1. Make a list of towns in your district and try to classify these 
as administrative centres or as temple/pilgrim centers? Answer: Students, do it youreselves. Hint: Ask your teacher or Parents to tell you about different types of 
towns in your district. Intext Question Page No.79 Question 1. Find out more about present-day taxes on markets; who collects 
these, how are they collected and what are they used for? Answer. 1. The present-day texes on the markets are property tax, service
 tax, etc. 2. Central or State government collect these taxes through revenue 
departments. 3. The are collected in cash. 4. The money, thus, collected is used for walfare of the society. Intext Question Page No.80 Question 1. What impact do you think this would have had on the 
lives of people in towns and villages? Make a list of artisons 
livining in towns? Answer: The greate circulation of people and goods must had have 
following inpacts on the liveas of people living in towns and villages: 1. People in villages and towns must have felt that their lives have
 changed due to such a greate circulation. 2. They would have become busier than ever before. 3. Their incomes must have increased. 4. Their time for the family would have reduced and they would have 
begun giving more time to the commerical activities, such as 
circulation of goods and people. 5. The towns must have had following artisans-blacksimth, goldsimith,
 wood carver. metal worker, gardner etc. Intext Question Page No.83 Question 1. What do you think the city was fortified? Answer: Hampi was a trade as well as temple town. And temples, 
were the centres of wealth and the honour of kings. In order to 
protect the people from the attack of the enemy, the town of Hampi
 was fortified. Intext Question Page No.85 Question 1. Why did the English and the Dutch decide to establish
 settlements in Masulipatnam? Answer: 1. Masulipatnam was thse most important port of the Andhra coast. 2. It had the convenience of the place where ship can anchor. 3. It was the trade town connected to the hinterland Due to all
 such as resons, the Dutch and the English decide to establish
 settlements in Masulipatnam. Intext Question Page No.88 Q 1. You are plan a journey from Surat to west Asia in the 
seventheen century. What are the arrangements you will make? Answer: If would plan a journey from Surat to west Asia in the 
17th centuary. I would make the following arrangements: 1. I would get a confirmed reservation in one of the ships 
travelling on the rout. 2. I would send some money to west asia through hundi, ass it
 woult not be wise to carry money on a ship journey. 3. I would look for if I could do some businesses on my journey. Additional Question. Q 1. What type of town existed in the medieval period? Answer. The town existed in the medieval period were-temple towns,
 administrative centres, commercial centre or port towns. Q 2. Who was the architect of Rajarajeshvara temple in Thanjavur. Answer: Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan was the architect of 
Rajarajeshvara temple in Thanjavur . --------------------------------------------------- Exercises Question 1. Fill in the blanks: (a) The Rajeshvara Temple was built in _____. (b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint ____. (c) Hampi was the capital of the _____ Empire. (d) The Dutch established a settlement at in Andhra Pradesh______. Answer: (a) The Rajeshvara Temple was built in Thanjavur. (b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint Khwaja Muinuddin Chisti. (c) Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. (d) The Dutch established a settlement at in Andhra Pradesh Masulipatnam. Question 2.State wether true or false. (a) We Know the name of the architect of the Rajeshvara temple from 
an inscription (). (b) Merchanta prefferred to travel individually rather than in carvans (). (c) Kabul was a major centre for trade in elephants (). (d) Surat was an importqant trading port on the Bay of Bengal (). Answer: 
(a)We Know the name of the architect of the Rajeshvara temple from an
 inscription. (True) (b) Merchanta prefferred to travel individually rather than in carvans. (False) (c) Kabul was a major centre for trade in elephants. (False) (d) Surat was an importqant trading port on the Bay of Bengal (False) Question 3. How was water supplied to the city of Thanajavur? Answer: Thanjavur was situated near the pernninal river Kaveri.
It was from this river that was water supplied to the city.
Also the water supply from the city came from wells and tanks.  

Question 4. Who lived in "Black Towns" in cities such as Madras? 
Answer: The native trader, craftspersons, merchants and artisans used to live in the
 "Black Towns" in the cities such as Madaras. 

 Letu's Understand 
Question 5. Why do you think towns grew around temples? 
Answer: The towns grew around temples due to the following resons:  
1. Temple were often central to the economy and society.  
2. Rulers, who built temples, donated land and money to carry out elaborate rituals, 
feed pilgrims and priests and celebrate festivals.  
3. Pilgrims who flocked to the temples also made donations. 
4. Temple authorities used their wealth to finance, trade and banking.  
5. Gradually, a large number of priests, workers, artisons, traders etc. settle near the
 temple to the catter to its needs and those of th e pilgrims. In this ways, towns got 
developed around temples. 

Q 6. How importants was craftpersons for the building and maintenance of temples?  
Answer: Temples were the places to display the most sophisticated art work. Therefore,
 the craftspersons were important for the building and maintenance of temple they performed following activites: 
1. The craftspersons of Bidar were so famous for their inlay work in copper and silver that it can be called Bidri.  
2. The Panchalas or Vishwakarma community, consisting of goldsmiths, bronzesmiths, masons and carpenters, were essential to the buildin of temples. 
3. Weavers often donated maoney to temples.  

Q 7.Why did people from distant lands visit surat? 
Answer. 
1. Surat was the most important medieval port on the west coast of Indian subcotinent. 
2. It was the emporium of western trade during the Mughal period. 
3. Surat was getway trade with west Asia via the Gulf of Ormuz.  
4. Surat has also been called the gate of Mecca, because masny piligrims ship gets sail from here. 
5. There were also serval retail and wholesale shop sellin cotton rtextile.  
6. Surat was famous for the textiles which gold lace brodersSurat (zati). Due to all such resons, many people from distant land visited Surat

Q 8. In what ways crafts production in cities like Calcutta different from that in cities like Thanjavur?  
Answer.
1. Craftspersons were free to be as much cerative as they could be. 1. Craftspersons had to produce what was demanded by the East India Company.
2. Craftspersons used to live near temple. They always get buyers of their products.2. The craftspersons were forced to live in the "Black Towns". The only buyer of their products was the East India Company.
3. There was no system of advances.3. There existed system of advances, which meant that they have to weave cloth which were already promised to European agents.
4. Weavers had the freesom of selling their own cloths or weaving by their own patterns.4. Weavers no longer had liberty of selling their own cloth or weaving by their own patterns
5. They didn't have to reproduce same designs.5. They had to reproduce the designs suplied to them by the company agents.

Let's Discuss  
Q 9. Compare any one of the cities described in this chapter with a town or a village with which you are familar. Do you notice any similarties differences? 
Answer.  Students do it yoyreselves. [Hint : Take up the present-day of New Delhi, The capital of India] Similarities- 
1. It is the seat of government (Parliament) 
2. Justic is Done here. (Supreme Court) 
3. Many people from distant places visit here. 
4. Many traders and powerful nobles live here. 
5. It is the commercial complex. 
6. It is cultural development centre. 
7. It provides employment opportunities, etc. 

Differences-(with Thanjavur,the capital of Cholas) 
1. It size is much larger. 
2. It has an elborate transportation system. 
3. It is expanding day by day. 
4. It also experiences unlawful activities. 
5. Migrants fill up the present-day Delhi, etc. 

 Q 10. What were the problems encountered by merchants? Do you thinkk some of these problems persist today? 
Answer. Some of the problems faced by the merchants were us under: 
1. They had to travel through forests and there was always the fear of robbers, Therefore, merchants travelled in caravans. 
2. Merchants such as Mulla Abdul Ghafur and Indian Virji Vora, who owned a large number of ships were subdued by the east Indian Company ships. Then, they have to work as the agents of the company instead of running their own bussiness. 
3. Yes, such problem do exist today. 

Let's Do 
Q 11.Find out more about the architecture of either Thanjavur or Hampi, and prepare a scrap book illustrating temples and other buildings from these cities. 
Answer. Students do it your selves [Hint: Students can search from the internet.]  

Q 12. Find out about any present-day pilgrimage centre. Why do you think people go there? What do there? Are there any shops in the area? if so, what is bought and sold there? 
Answer. Students, do it yourselvess.
 [Hint: Think of Vsishno Devi Temple of Hazratbasl Mosque in Kashmir. People go there on pilgrimage.There are shops of local merchants and traders in these pilgrimage centres. A part from selling prasad the shopd deals with shawls and other local products.]

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