Sunday, 3 July 2011

CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1) | Unit Lesson : XII (12) : Buildings, Paintings And Books

 Exercises: Solution :: Questions and Answers.

1.Question. Match the following.

Answer:
(a) Stupa                          Mound.
(b) Shikhara                     Tower.
(c) Mandapa                    Place in temples where people could assemble.
(d) Garbhagriha                Place where the image of deity is installed.
(e) Pradakshina Patha      Circular path around the stupa.



2.Question.Fill in the blanks.
Answer:
(a) Aryabhata was great astronomer.
(b) Stories about goods and  goddesses are found in the epics.
(c) Valmiki is recognised as the authwor of the sanskrit Ramayana.
(d) Sitappadikar and Manimekalai  are two Tamil epics.

3.Question. Make a list of the chapter in which you find mention  of metal working. What are the metals objects mentioned or shown in those chapters?
Answer. The chapter are:
(1) In the Earliest Cities             -----------    Copper was used to make tools and weapons, gold and silver and used to make ornaments and vessels.
(2) What book & Burials Tell us   ------------  Iron tools and weapons, ornaments of gold.
(3) Kingdoms, Kings and Early Republic---------Iron or mines.
(4) Vital Villages and Thriving Towns------------ Iron tools
(5) Traders, Kings, Pilgrims ---------------------------- Gold was given as gift.    
(6) Buildings, Paintings And Books ---------------- Iron pillar, gold jewelery.

4.Question. Read the story  on page 130. In what ways is the monkey  king similar to or different from the kings you read about in chapter 6and 11?
Answer. In the story 'The monkey king' , when the monkeys found out that the king  of Varanasi wanted to kill them, the monkey king worked out a plan to save his followers. He made  a bridge across the river and all his followers crossed the bridge and were saved. However the monkey king was exhausted and fell down dying. The monkey king  believed that it his responsibility to save his people from the enemies and died in the attempt. He was a peace loving monkey.
The kings in chapter 6and 11  
(1) Led wars of conquest to extend their empires.
(2) They had regular armies.
(3) The rulers protect the people from attacks. they. They built capitals which were fortified i.e. they had huge walls of wood or brick or stone.

5.Question. Find out more and tell a story from one of the epics.
Answer. The Ramayana contains the story of Hanuman and other monkeys. They promised to help Ram in his search of Sita. Hanuman had special powers which enables him to reach Sri Lanka, inspite of many difficulties. He found the whereabouts of Sita, who was kept in Ashok Vatika by Ravan. He also set Lanka on fire. He also brought Sanjivini herbs to treat Lakshman. He served Ram as a his faithful and devoted follower.

6.Question. List some steps that can be taken to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently abled people.
Answer. The steps  to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently abled people are:
(1) Construction of a ramp.
(2) The steps can be renovated, so that people may not fall on the slippery ground.
(3) Railing can be placed on the side walls of the staircase.
(4) Proper lighting system.

7.Question. Try and list as many uses of paper as you can.
Answer.  Paper can be used in many ways:
(1) It is used as a writing material,books, newspapers, etc.
(2) It is used for wrapping goods and small articles.
(3) It can be used as a packing material.
(4) In case there is an emergency and war-like situation, people are advised to cover the window panes with paper.
(5) Corrugated sheets made of paper can be made into boxes for carrying goods.

8.Question. If you could visit any one of the places described in the chapter, which would you choose and why?
Answer.If an get an opportunity to visit any one of these places, I would  plan to go to  Mahabalipuram. The main reasons are:
(a) It is built on the water front, near the Bay of Bengal.
(b) Both monolithic and structural temples are built in the same complex.
(c) The beauty of temples cannot be surpassed by others.
(d) Monolithic temples are skillfully chiseled, hewed and sculpted.
(e) Most of the temples are intact. They have not been destroyed by vagaries of time.
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Buildings, Paintings And Books :  Lesson 12  NCERT Class VI (6th)  History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1).

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