Monday, 20 June 2011

What, Where, How and When ? | Lesson 1 | CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) History - Social Studies (Our Pasts- I)

1.Question. Match the following:
Narmada Valley ----------------------      Hunting and gathering.
Magadha ------------------------------      The first big  kingdom.
Garo hills-------------------------------      Early agriculture.
Indus and its tributaries---------------  Cities about 2500 years ago.
Ganga Valley ------------------------------- The first cities.

2.Question. List one major difference between a manuscript and inscription.
(i) Manuscript: The old book written by hands are called  manuscript. They are usually written on palm leaf or on specially prepared bark  of a tree known as birch which grows in the Himalayas.
 (ii) Inscription: Inscription are written on hard surfaces such as stone or metal.

3.Question. Return the Rasheed'a question. Can you think of some answer to it?
Answer. Rasheed'a question was how could anyone Know what had happened so many year ago. There are various ways by which  the people can know  about the  past.
(1) The remains left by the early man in the form of tools. weapons, pottery, jewelery etc.
(2) After man had learnt the art of writing he wrote on leaves bark of the trees and even on hard material. We have been able to read the script of these people (in many case).

4.Question. Make a list of all  the objects that archaeologists many find. which of these could be made of stone?
Answer. The archaeologists study the remains of buildings made of stone and brick. painting and sculpture. They also dig in under the surface of the earth to find tools. weapons, pots, pans and ornaments and coin.
Toll and weapons could have been made of stone. Buildings were also made of stone.

5.Question. Why do you think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did?
Answer. The ordinary men did not keep a reward of what they did because they did not know how to read and write. There was a specialized class of a people called 'scribes' who recorded all the events.

6.Question.Describe at least two ways, in which you think the lives of the kings would have been different from those of farmers.
Answer.(i)  King: The king led a luxurious life. He mad all the decisions for the society and looked after their welfare. They led the armies in war.
           (ii)  Farmers: They worked very hard to grow crops for the people. They led an ordinary life. where he could barely fulfill his needs.

7.Question. Find of the world craft persons on page 1. List at least five different craft that you know about today.
Are the person. (a) men. (b) both men and women?
Answer.  The craft person are the people who make things at home with simple tools and with the help of family members.
The different crafts are.
(a) Spinning and weaving of cloth on hand looms.
(b) Blacksmiths.
(c) Pottery making.
(d) Inlay work.
The craft persons can both men and women. some the work blacksmith can be done mainly by men. Some other like pottery making is done both by men and both men and women.

8.Question. What were the subjects on which books were written in the past? Which of these would you like to read?
Answer. The books dealt with all kind of subjects like religious beliefs practices. the lives of the kings medicine and science. In addition there were epics, poem and plays. The most epics of India are Ramayana and Mahabharata. I would like to read these two books.