Sunday, 12 June 2011

Understanding Diversity : Lesson 1 Class VI (6th) Social Science (Social and Political Life-1) Exercises Solutions


1. Question. Draw up a list of different festival celebrated in your locality. Which of these celebration are shared by members of different regional and religious communities?
  • Lhori ______         Hindu.
  • Holi ______          Hindus.
  • Id-Ul-Zuha ____      Muslim.
  • Easter _______       Christians.
  • Raksha Bandhan __    Hindus.
  • Dusshera ________    Hindus.
  • Diwali _______       Hindus
  •  Christmas _______    Christians. 
  • Id-ul-Milind ______  Muslims.

2.Question. What do you think living in India with its rich heritage of diversity adds to your life?
Answer. Since India has a rich heritage of diversity people celebrate festivals of other communities, speak differnt languages. Our music and dance are enjoyed by all. People have learnt to eat food of differnt regions. it is a new experience.

3.Question. Do you think the term 'unity in diversity' is an appropriate term to describe India? What do you think Nehru is trying to say about Indian unity in the sentence quoted above from his book 'The Discovery of India'?
Answer. 'Unity in Diversity' is an appropriate term to describe india Because India is a vast country with lofty mountains on the north ansd seas and oceans on three sides. These geographical conditions have helped to shape the life style of the people. This diversity can be seen in_
 (a) the language they speak.
 (b) the food that they eat.
 (c) the clothes that they wear.
 (d) the type of houses that they live in.
 (e) the type of occupation that they follow.

In spite these goegraphical difference they are influenced by similar historical developments. The people from diffent parts of India rose up and protested against the British rule. Both Hindus and Muslims lay down their lives at the Jallianwallah Bagh, in Amristar. When India got independence our Constitution was framed by the Constituent Assembly whose membership consisted of people from differnt sections of the society.
Nehru in his book'Discovery of India' wrote India was always unity inspite of goegraphical, religious and cultural differences. Indian unity is not something imposed  the widest tolerance of beliefs and customs was practised and variety acknowledged and even encouraged.

4. Question. Underline the line in the poem sung after the  Jallianwallah massacre, which according to you, reflect India's essential unity.
Answer. The line, 'the blood of Hindus and Muslim flow together today' reflects Indias essential unity.

5. Question. Choose another region in India and do a  similar study of the historical and  geographical factors that influenced the diversity found there. Are these historical and geographical factors connected to each other? How?
Answer. The two region are (1) Rajasthan (2) Tamilnadu.
Rajasthan: It is a desert country, it is one of the border states of India. Rajput are a material race. Agricultire is very diffcult and coarse grains like jowar and bajra are grown. Main means of transport are the camels. The people build houses with flat roofs and verandahs to keep the dusty wind away.

Tamilnadu: It is a state of on the sea coast of has moderate climate throughout the year, with rainfall during the winter seson. It is a fertile land  and people grow rice and vegetables. Fishing is the main occupation of the people. Ruice and fish are the staple diet of  the people they build houses on a hiegher ground with slanting roofs, so that the rain water can easily drain.
Yes, The historical and  goegraphical  factors are closely connected. Rajasthan is a border states and Rajput are a material race.
Tamilnadu is located on the bay of bengal, far away from the influence of the invaders. People are peace loving and gentle.